The Biosphere Reserves, spread today in more than 120 countries, have their origin and support in the "Man and the Biosphere" program of UNESCO, created in 1971. It is a worldwide network of territories designed to promote sustainable development based on the activity of local communities and scientific knowledge. This is the orientation of UNESCO for the creation and operation of Biosphere Reserves since its General Conference in 1995.
In 2011, the Portuguese National Commission of UNESCO created under its aegis, informally, the Portuguese Network of Biosphere Reserves. This network, formalized in 2016, seeks to contribute to a greater sharing of experiences, good practices and knowledge, acquired in the management of biosphere reserves and aimed at the development of education, science and culture, as well as the sustainable development of the local economy.
Portugal has 11 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Find out more by clicking on each one:
- Paúl do Boquilobo (1981)
- Corvo Island (2007)
- Graciosa Island (2007)
- Flores Island (2009)
- Geres/Xures Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Portugal/Spain) (2009)
- Berlengas (2011)
- Santana Madeira (2011)
- Meseta Ibérica Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Portugal/Spain) (2015)
- Fajãs de São Jorge (2016)
- Tejo/Tajo Internacional Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Portugal/Spain) (2016)
- Castro Verde (2017)
See here the List of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves.